January 26, 2020, marks the 71st day of Indian Republic Day. It was on this day in 1950 that the esteemed constitution came into force and India was declared an independent republic.
Most of us grew up with fond memories of the day. January 26th is a day when many sit and watch the exhibition, tables from various provinces and various Ministers passing by, people being awarded honorary medals and that is the day when we all raised our tricolor flags and celebrated the spirit of independence of our country. However, do you know the exact reason why the Republic is celebrated on January 26 and not another day?
History of The Republic Day
January 26 was chosen for some reason as it was a milestone in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. On January 26, 1930, Congress passed a resolution by Poorna Swaraj or Declaration of Independence.
Although India gained independence from the British Empire after a long struggle on August 15, 1947. Sadly, as this freedom was precious, it did not support democracy or give the people the right to choose their own elected Government. Since India did not have a formal Constitution at the time, our country was a constitutional monarch under the reign of King George VI even after Independence. It was finally two and a half years later on January 26, 1950, when the Indian Constitution took effect that made India one of the world’s largest democracies. It was on this day that India was proclaimed an independent, socialist, democratic state.
The committee worked tirelessly for several months and submitted the first draft of the Constitution on November 4, 1947, to the Constituent Assembly. It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to finally adopt the Constitution with the necessary amendments.
When Republic Day Started
When the Constitution of India was adopted on November 26, 1949, many saw the need to celebrate this document on a day that coincided with national pride. Poorna Swaraj Day was considered the best and from now on, it started to be celebrated as Republic Day.