Endometriosis is a disease in which the tissues that normally place the uterus, called the endometrium, grow outside the uterine spine. It can attach to the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. The ovaries are responsible for releasing an egg each month, and the fallopian tubes carry the egg from the uterus to the uterus.
When any of these organs are damaged, blocked, or irritated by the endometrium, it can be very difficult to detect and stay pregnant. Your age, health, and size will also affect your chances of conceiving a baby.
One study found that while 15 to 20 percent of the reliable source of fertilized couples’ attempts to conceive will succeed each month, that number dropped to 2-10 percent of couples affected by endometriosis.
Will the symptoms get better or worse during pregnancy?
Pregnancy will temporarily stop the painful periods and heavy menstrual bleeding which is often a factor in endometriosis. It can also provide other help.
Some women benefit from increased progesterone levels during pregnancy. It is thought that this hormone suppresses and possibly even reduces the size of the endometrium. In fact, progestin, a form of progesterone, is commonly used to treat women with endometriosis.
Some women, however, will not get better. You may also find that your symptoms get worse during pregnancy. That is because as the uterus grows larger to accommodate the growing embryo, it can absorb and stretch out unwanted tissue. That can create discomfort. Increased estrogen can also feed endometrial growth.
Your experience during pregnancy can be very different from other pregnant women with endometriosis. The size of your condition, the production of hormones in your body, and the way your body responds to pregnancy will all affect how you feel.
Although your symptoms improve during pregnancy, they will continue after your baby is born. Breastfeeding may delay the onset of symptoms, but when your period returns, your symptoms will return.
Risks and problems
Endometriosis can increase the risk of pregnancy and birth defects. This can be caused by inflammation, damage to the structure of the uterus, and the hormonal influences that cause endometriosis.
Numerous studies have shown that miscarriage rates are higher in women with endometriosis than in women without the condition. This is true even for women with mild endometriosis. One retrospective analysis concluded that women with endometriosis were 35.8 percent more likely to have a miscarriage compared with 22% of women without the disease. There is nothing you or your doctor can do to prevent the miscarriage, but it is important that you know the symptoms so that you can get the medical and emotional help you need to get better.
If you are pregnant for less than 12 weeks, the symptoms of pregnancy are similar to those of the menstrual cycle:
- low back pain
You may also notice the passage of certain tissues.
The symptoms after 12 weeks are the same, but bleeding, swelling, and tissue passing can be very severe.
According to the analysis of several studies, 1.5% of pregnant women with endometriosis are more likely than other mothers expecting to deliver before 37 weeks of gestation. The baby is considered the first to be born before 37 weeks of gestation.
Premature babies are more likely to have low birth weight and are more likely to have health and developmental problems. Signs of prenatal birth or early occupation include:
Normal decrease. Disorders tighten around your midsection, which may or may not be harmful.
Change the vaginal discharge. It can be blood or mucous instability.
Pressure on your pelvis.
If you experience any of these symptoms, see your doctor. They can prescribe drugs to stop the activity or strengthen your baby’s growth if birth is imminent.
During pregnancy, your uterus will develop into the placenta. The placenta is a structure that provides oxygen and nourishment to your growing baby. It usually sticks to the top or side of the uterus. In some women, the placenta attaches to the lower part of the uterus when the cervix is opened. This is known as placenta previa.
Placenta previa increases your risk of a broken placenta during childbirth. A ruptured placenta can cause heavy bleeding, putting you and your baby at risk.
Women with endometriosis can be trusted as a high-risk source for this life-threatening condition. The main symptom is a bright red blood flow. If bleeding is low, you may be advised to limit your activities, including sex and exercise. If the bleeding persists, you may need a blood transfusion and an emergency C-section.
Surgery and hormonal treatment, the most common treatment for endometriosis, is usually not recommended for pregnant women.
Relieving pain can help reduce the discomfort of endometriosis, but it is important to ask your doctor which ones can be used safely during pregnancy and for how long.
Other ways to help yourself include:
- bath with warm water
- eating fiber-rich foods to help reduce the risk of constipation
- gentle walking or doing prenatal yoga stretching back and relieving back pain associated with endometriosis
Pregnancy and having a healthy baby can also be common with endometriosis. Having endometriosis can make it harder for you to get pregnant than for women without this condition. It can also increase your risk of serious pregnancy complications. Pregnant women with the condition are considered to be at high risk. You should expect to be more vigilant and careful during your pregnancy so that your doctor can quickly identify any problems if they arise.