It is a disability that affects at least one in 10 women in Australia, affecting their relationships, work and study ability, physical health, and mental health. Endometriosis is a progressive disease that affects the female reproductive system. It is usually accompanied by chronic pain and can help prevent infertility, but early detection and treatment can help manage the condition.
What is endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissues that normally place the uterus – the endometrium – grow in other parts of the body. Lost endometrial tissue is known as endometrial implants or ulcers.
Endometriosis can affect the ovaries, fallopian tubes, intestines, and pelvis. Other common sites include the cervix, vagina, vagina, ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys with each other), and others.
Lost endometrial tissue continues to function as it normally does inside the uterus. It thickens, shrinks, and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because degenerative tissue cannot leave the body like normal menstrual blood, it stays inside the pelvis where it can cause inflammation in the surrounding organs.
The presence of lost tissue can be a source of irritation and inflammation in the pelvic area. This can lead to red tissue formation and adhesion, which are unusual tissue bonds that bind the genitals together. Usually, our organs move slowly as part of normal bodily functions such as egg maturation, sex, and going to the toilet. Sticking with red tissue can make these activities more painful, affecting the quality of life.
Abnormal bleeding, swelling, red tissue, and stickiness can cause severe pain, especially during menstruation. It can also cause birth defects.
Reasons of endometriosis
The exact causes of endometriosis are unknown, but there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing this condition. If your mother or sister has endometriosis, you are at greater risk of developing yourself.
Other possible causes of endometriosis include:
- Menstruation at an early age (before 11 years)
- The transition to menstruation when you are older
Normal times or short cycles (less than 27 days)
- Heavy and heavy menstrual periods (over seven days)
- Never give birth
- Low body weight
- Higher than normal estrogen levels
- Abnormal reproductive system, any condition that prevents the normal flow of menstrual blood from leaving the body.
Endometriosis can start in adolescence and can continue after menopause.
Symptoms of endometriosis
Symptoms of endometriosis can include:
- Sad times
- Pain during or around
- Pain during or after sex
- Heavy bleeding or irregular bleeding
- Pain with bowel movements or urination
- Pain in the pelvic area, lower back, or legs
- Diarrhea and constipation
- Difficult to conceive (infertility)
Symptoms can vary greatly, depending on where the endometrial tissue is found. Some women have severe symptoms, while others may have no symptoms at all. The condition persists, which means that the symptoms may worsen over time.
Although pain is one of the most common symptoms of endometriosis, it is not a good indication of the severity of the condition. You may have mild endometriosis with severe pain or broad endometriosis with little or no pain at all. Some women only find out that they have endometriosis when they first try to conceive.
Think you can have endometriosis?
Many women think that painful times are normal and that they do not need help. It is important to talk to your health care provider if you are experiencing painful moments or other symptoms, so potential problems can be addressed as soon as possible.
Seek medical help if the pain of your period interferes with your daily activities. These may include:
- Missing work, school, or other activities
- Ordinary pain medications do not help
- The symptoms are getting worse
- You feel like you don’t mind
There are different treatments available depending on the severity of endometriosis, and treatments are targeted at each case. If you have symptoms of anxiety, talk to your doctor or gynecologist.