Women Endometriosis vs Adenomyosis 2021
Few women do not know what an endometrium is. But they may all have seen it. It is the tissues inside the uterus that your body pulls and absorbs during your menstrual cycle.
When that membrane spreads to the wrong places, you may have similar but different conditions called endometriosis and adenomyosis. They affect different parts of your body, share certain symptoms, and may require different treatments.
You can have both problems at the same time. Doctors do not know the cause.
Inside vs. Outside
In endometriosis, the same type of cells along the uterus, or uterus, also grow without it. Growth can break nearby organs such as your ovaries, fallopian tubes, and so on. It can make it harder for you to get pregnant.
Adenomyosis, on the other hand, occurs when the same type of cells along the uterus also grow deeper into the uterine wall and make it stronger. “It does not pass the uterus itself.
Although the lining of the uterus grows where it does not, it continues as normal. It gets bigger and thicker as your menstrual cycle approaches and bleeds as your hormones show that you are not pregnant. That creates problems.
With endometriosis, irritates and swells nearby tissues and can lead to injury. You may notice:
- Abdominal pain. This is the most common sign. It can be very bad for your time.
- Pain in your back or leg, or pain during or after sex
- Severe or severe menstrual bleeding
- Pain while urinating or rubbing
- Nausea, vomiting or feeling tired
With adenomyosis, the inside of your uterus becomes enlarged and enlarged, which is usually the case with endometriosis. An enlarged uterus can:
- Apply pressure to your bladder and pelvis
- Change the way your uterine muscles tighten (contract
- Create difficult and painful times
Both of these conditions can lead to hemorrhage. This means you do not have enough iron in your blood. Iron supplements can help.
Doctors do not know what causes endometriosis or adenomyosis. But some things can make it more likely.
Your chances of endometriosis increase if:
- You are 30 or 40 years old.
- Your mother, sister, or daughter has it.
- You have difficult times that last more than 7 days.
- Your duration is less than 27 days.
- You started your period before you were 11 years old.
Your risk of adenomyosis increases if:
- They are 40 years or older; Women diagnosed with adenomyosis are often older than those with endometriosis.
- You are born at least once
- You started your periods when you were 10 or younger
- Have menstrual cycles lasting 24 days or less
It can be hard to tell if you have endometriosis or adenomyosis, or both, or something like fibroids or cysts. Pelvic pain can be caused by many other conditions, including pelvic floor muscle spasm, pelvic infection, and bowel syndrome.
Endometriosis. Sometimes an ultrasound can show endometriosis. MRI can also show large areas of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, but may miss small patches. The only way to find out is to have one. That way, your doctor can check the endometrial tissue in your abdomen (outside your uterus). If they see anything, small fragments can be taken out for laboratory testing to confirm the diagnosis.
Adenomyosis. Your uterus may feel larger and more tender when you press on your abdomen. An ultrasound or MRI may diagnose adenomyosis. Sometimes you may not know you have it until after the hysterectomy, when your uterine tissues are examined on a board.
Endometriosis and adenomyosis usually do not require treatment unless they cause complications.
Both can be controlled with pain medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Hormone medications, such as birth control pills, progestin and progesterone, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists can also be used. These regulate the way your hormones circulate and can help slow down the growth of endometrial tissue, wherever it is, but do not cause it to end. With endometriosis, hormone replacement therapy can help keep scar tissue from building up.