Juicy, ripe mango fruit has a rich, tropical aroma and taste that evokes sunny weather and delicate thoughts. Home gardeners in warmer places can bring that flavor out of the garden. However, how do you grow a mango tree? Mango tree planting is generally suitable in areas where the temperature is not lower than 40 F (4 C.). If you are lucky enough to live in a tropical to subtropical climate, take these tips to look after the mango tree and enjoy the fruits of your labor in a few years.
How do you grow a mango tree?
Mango trees (Mangifera indica) are deep-rooted plants that grow large specimens in the landscape. They are evergreen and usually grow from rootstocks that increase plant hardness. Mango trees start producing fruit in three years and grow quickly. Choose the type that best suits your zone. This plant grows in almost any soil, but cold-resistant areas require well-drained soil. Keep your tree in a position to receive full sun for the best fruit production. New mango trees are planted from late spring to late spring when the plant is not actively growing. Fall vs. Spring Planting: Pros and Cons
Mango tree planting
Prepare the site by digging a hole that is as wide and deep as a root ball. Check the drain by filling the hole with water and see how fast it drains. Mango trees can survive for a while after a flood, but healthy plants are produced where the soil is well spread. Plant young trees with grafting marks on the soil surface. You do not need to prune young plants, but look for graft suckers and close them. In mango tree management the plant should be watered repeatedly. Seed-growing mango trees grow easily from seed. Get a fresh mango pit and prune the rough us. Drain the seeds and place in a large pot with the seed starter mixture. When the mango trees are growing, spread the seed inch by inch (.6 cm) above the soil surface. Keep the soil evenly moist and keep it at a temperature of at least 70 F (21 C). Germination lasts from eight to 14 days, but can take up to three weeks. Keep in mind that the seeds of your new mango tree will not bear fruit for at least six years.
Mango Tree The care of mango trees
is similar to that of any fruit tree. Water the trees deeply to satisfy the tall taproot. Allow the top surface of the soil to dry to a depth of several inches before re-watering. Stop irrigation for two months before flowering, and then start fruit production once. Fertilize the tree with nitrogen fertilizer three times a year. Add 1 pound (.45 kg) of fodder per year for tree growth. Remove any weak stems and prune when the tree is four years old to build strong scaffolding of branches. Next, prune only to remove broken or diseased plant material. Care of mango trees should also include looking for pests and diseases. Fix them when they occur with organic pesticides, cultural and biological control or horticultural oils. Growing mango trees in the home landscape will give you fresh tart fruits from an attractive shade tree.