Pregnancy is a term used to describe a woman’s condition over a period of time (months 9 months), during which one or more offspring develop inside the woman. Delivery usually takes place 38 weeks after delivery or 40 weeks after the last stru eruption. The World Health Organization defines a normal gestation period between 37 and 47 weeks. During a person’s first OB-GYN visit, the doctor will usually provide an approximate date (sonogram-based) or due date for the baby to be born. Alternatively, the expiration date can also be estimated based on an individual’s last term.
Although the due date can be estimated, the actual length of the pregnancy depends on a variety of factors, including age, length of the previous pregnancy and maternal weight at birth. However, the factors influencing natural diversity during pregnancy are not yet well understood. Studies show that less than 4% of births occur on the due date, 60% within one week from the due date and 90% within two weeks from the due date. As such, it is possible to have full confidence that a person’s baby will be born within two weeks from the due date, not to say the exact date of birth right now.
01: Pregnancy identification
Pregnancy can be detected using pregnancy tests, or the woman may notice a number of symptoms, including missed stru menstruation, increased body temperature, fatigue, nausea, and frequency of urination.
Pregnancy tests include clinical blood or urine tests that detect hormones that act as biomarkers for pregnancy and detect pregnancy six to eight days after fertilization. Diagnostic blood tests are more accurate, and can detect the exact amount of the hormone (which is only during pregnancy) before and in small amounts, as they take longer to evaluate and are more expensive than urine tests for home pregnancy. Clinical urine tests are also possible, but they may not be more accurate than home pregnancy tests and may also be more expensive.
02: Pregnancy management
There are many factors to consider during pregnancy, many of which depend on the individual’s condition, such as medications, weight gain, exercise and nutrition.
Taking certain medications during pregnancy can have permanent effects on the fetus. Ugs drugs in the US are classified into A, B, C, D and X categories by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) based on the potential benefit against fetal risk. Drugs with positive benefits to the mother with low risk to the fetus are classified as Category A, while drugs with proven drugs are classified as Category X with significant fetal risks that provide potential benefits to the mother. A pregnant woman should consult their doctor. About any medicine you use during your pregnancy.
04: Weight gain:
Weight gain is one of the main inevitable and necessary aspects of pregnancy and it varies from person to person. It affects many factors related to fetal development such as the baby’s weight, placenta, excess circulating fluid and its fat and protein stores. Weight management considers eligibility because insufficient or excessive weight gain can have adverse effects on both mother and fetus, including cesarean (c-section) and gestational hypertension. While values vary between women, the Institute of Medicine recommends a total pregnancy weight of 25–35 pounds for women who are considered to be “normal” weight (BMI 18.5–24.9) for those who are underweight. 28-40 pounds (BMI <18.5) uming holds. ), 15–25 pounds (BMI 25–29.9) for overweight, and 11–20 pounds (BMI> 30) for those with ese balance. Our gestational weight gain calculator is based on the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine.
Studies have shown that aerobic exercise during pregnancy can help improve or maintain physical fitness as well as reduce the risk of c-section. Although it varies between women, regular aerobic and strength-conditioning exercise is recommended for pregnant women, and women who exercise regularly before pregnancy are less likely to become pregnant. , Be able to continue high-intensity exercise programs. American College of Obstetrician Gynecologists explained that due to uncontrolled pregnancy, fetal injuries are less likely to exercise. However, caution is advised and the pregnant woman should consult her doctor if she has any of the following symptoms: Vaginal bleeding, shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, calf pain or swelling, leak of amniotic fluid, decreased fetal movement, labor pain, muscle weakness, or chest Pain. 5
Nutrition during pregnancy is very important for the health of both mother and baby. An individual in a non-pregnant state needs different nutritional considerations due to increased energy and the need for specific micronutrients.
Some vitamins, such as vitamin B9, also known as folic acid, can help reduce the risk of certain deficiencies, while other nutrients such as DHA and omega-3s can help proper brain and retina development. As needed, it is not effectively produced by infants, and can only be obtained during pregnancy or after birth through the placenta in breast milk. There are many other micronutrients that can help the proper development of the fetus and there are many sources of information about what pregnant women should or should not eat. The information to be separated is all different and may vary from person to person. Pregnant women can consult with their doctors and / or dietitians to help determine the best course of action for their own specific needs.